Throughout its history, the Research Center Aggeu Magalhães (CPqAM), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) Pernambuco, has accumulated knowledge and experience to become the national reference for Culicidae vector control (mosquitoes that transmit disease), Filariasis and Plague to the Ministry of Health. The experience acquired in the areas of Chagas disease, Schistosomiasis and Leishmaniasis made the institution a regional reference for the Ministry of Health in the three endemics. Those were the first diseases, along with Pest and Filariasis, studied by the institution yet in the 1950s and 1960s.
The reference services act in professional training of Public Health, offering courses in diagnostic techniques and control of diseases and vectors, performing complex and specific diagnosis of health problems and using, when necessary, molecular biology techniques. The reference service performs differential diagnosis of diseases, produces products and provides advice to the municipal and state health.
To solve doubts of diagnoses made by the Unified Health System (SUS), for example, the departments request specific tests to CPqAM / Fiocruz, which confirm or reject the doctor’s information. Therefore, the activity is not a direct demand from the public, but in specific cases, referred by health services.
Currently, Fiocruz Pernambuco is a partner in the prefectures of Recife, Olinda and Jaboatão, in the deployment and monitoring of Filariasis control program, since the disease is endemic in Pernambuco. The institution also coordinates the implementation of a monitoring system of the Dengue vector in the cities of Pernambuco, in partnership with the Health Department of the State, and acts, as well, in the surveillance of the Plague in Brazil, with approval of the Secretary of Health Surveillance of the Ministry of Health. I
n the case of Schistosomiasis, the institution also monitors the epidemics, with the aim of guiding the health authorities to control the problem, such as the emergence of cases of the disease in Porto de Galinhas, in the Southern coast of Pernambuco, where the CPqAM team helped in 2002 to quell the outbreak in the area.
Coordination: Abraham Rocha